Trades and apprenticeships in Canada cover more than 200 provincially designated trades and apprenticeships. Most trade programs take approximately 2 to 4 years to complete and they combine approximately 80% paid-on-the job training with 20% technical or in-school learning. The 49 apprenticeship programs designated as "Red Seal" trades allow graduates to practice the trade in any province or territory in Canada. Many occupations require workers to be certified or registered as apprentices in order for them to practice their trade.
Individuals can pursue a trade in three main ways:
1) By enrolling in a secondary school apprenticeship program. Students accumulate up to 500 hours of workplace training combined with classroom instruction, and upon successful completion, students can apply for credit towards the requirements for an apprenticeship.
2) By enrolling in an entry-level trades training program (ELTT) that provides introductory skills geared towards direct employment. Credit towards technical training is granted for those who go on to become apprentices. These programs vary from 12 weeks to 10 months and provide students with the basic skills and knowledge required to for entry-level industry positions.
3) By enrolling in a formal apprenticeship program. Formal apprenticeship programs combine on-the-job training and advanced technical training provided at a post-secondary institution (technical institute, college or university). Apprenticeship programs also involve formal written agreements between an employer, an employee and the province. For most trades, the apprentice must complete up to 4 years of training, although the time varies according to the trade. After each year of training the apprentice must pass a test before proceeding to the next training level.
Trades and apprenticeship study in Canada is a great way for international students to learn job skills while earning money!