Canada has a system of engineering education with opportunities for everyone. Anyone who graduates from secondary school or the equivalent can pursue engineering higher education in one form or another. And over 30% of all international students to Canada now study engineering.
Widespread Availability of Engineering Education in Canada
Today, four- and five-year engineering degrees are offered by most Canadian universities leading to degrees with various names: Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (BE or BEng), Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) or Bachelor of Engineering Technology (BET). Students can enter the first year of the bachelor's program directly from high school or into third year with an associate's degree.
An engineering degree will usually be undertaken in one field of engineering, which is sometimes noted in the degree as in BE (Aero) or BEng (Elec). Common fields for the degree include aerospace, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, electrical, engineering science, environmental, geological, industrial or manufacturing, materials or metallurgical, mechanical, mining or mineral, and software engineering, etc. As well, there are many kinds of specialties within these fields.
Most Canadian engineering programs are accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB), and graduates of accredited programs are eligible to become registered Professional Engineers (P.Eng.) or P.Ing, in Quebec.
Community colleges and technical institutes also offer a number of bachelor's degrees in engineering, as well as associate's degrees in engineering, which can ladder into a bachelor's degree at a Canadian university.
Many Engineering Fields From Which to Choose
Engineering education is organized around three components – foundation liberal arts courses, "core" engineering classes, and engineering specialization classes, often collectively referred to as "engineering majors", "engineering fields of study" or "engineering disciplines". Engineering majors are many and diverse, offering students considerable scope in the areas of engineering study that they can choose from.
|Agriculture & Bio-resources Engineering||Mineral & Mining Engineering|
|Applied Physics & Applied Mathematics||Motorsports Engineering|
|Architectural Engineering||Nuclear Engineering|
|Audio Engineering||Ocean Engineering|
|Biomedical Engineering||Optical Sciences & Engineering|
|Chemical Engineering||Paper Products Engineering|
|Civil (General & Structural) Engineering||Petroleum Engineering|
|Computer Engineering||Plastics Engineering|
|Electrical Engineering||Sanitary Engineering|
|Environmental Engineering||Software Engineering|
|Geosystems Engineering||Systems Engineering|
|Industrial & Management Systems Enineering||Technology Management|
|Manufacturing Engineering||Textile Engineering|
|Materials Science & Engineering||Transportation Engineering|
|Mechanical Engineering||Welding & Fabrication Engineering|
Flexibility to support diverse career pathways and goals of students whose diversity incorporates ethnic, racial, age and gender diversity, and a wide variety of learning styles is a distinctive feature of Canadian engineering programs. A wide combination of engineering education delivery formats – on-campus combined with distance studies, day, weeknight and weekend classes, and traditional fall and spring semesters, combined with options for summer studies provides great flexibility for engineering students in Canada. And increasingly, students, including international students may apply for internships or cooperative education placements. Co-operative education, or co-op, is an integrated approach to education that enables engineering students to alternate academic terms - typically 3 - 4 months - with paid, relevant work experience in their chosen field. Internships are typically shorter, often unpaid and less structured. Many undergraduate engineering programs also offer international students the opportunity to study abroad, in addition to their experience in Canada.
As well, Canadian engineering schools recognize that many of that many of today's engineering students will choose to start their own businesses at some point in their careers and some engineering education programs are stimulating entrepreneurship and commercialism in the minds of their students – and providing course or project opportunities to learn basic business skills.
Multicultural Learning Environment
The preparation of engineers for international practice is a prime consideration in today's global environment. Increasingly, engineers will work across national boundaries. Graduates must understand the cultures, traditions, and languages of countries where they will work, or where their designs or products will be utilized. Canadian engineering professors come from all parts of the globe and reflect the multicultural fabric of Canada (at over 200,000 per year, Canada has the highest per capita immigration in the world). And Canadian engineering schools also offer a wide variety of support services for international students – from orientation programs for arriving international students, counselling and buddy programs, English and French language support, to guaranteed on-campus housing and academic and career counselling. Are you ready for an engineering education in Canada?