Canada's population is about 33.5 million. Given Canada's size, it has one of the lowest population densities in the world (3.3 people per square kilometre). Most Canadians live in large southern urban centers, like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. However, Canada has different sizes of cities and towns, including First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities, many of which are in more northern regions.
Canada is both geographically and culturally diverse. While Canada has two official languages, French and English, not all Canadians are bilingual. Many speak only English. Some, mostly in Quebec, speak only French. Others, particularly recent immigrants, speak a different mother-tongue as well as English or French. In fact, many younger Canadians are growing up trilingual. No matter where they live, Canada's people are usually described as friendly, polite and modest, valuing a peaceful, respectful society that is fair and equitable to all.
Total population, 2008: 33.2 million (2008)
Percentage of total population, by age
|0 - 14||17.7%|
|15 - 64||68.6%|
Percentage of total population, by visible minority status
Population distribution by province
|Ontario||12.8 million||New Brunswick||751,527|
|Quebec||7.7 million||Newfoundland and Labrador||508,270|
|British Columbia||4.4 million||Prince Edward Island||139,407|
|Alberta||3.5 million||Northwest Territories||42,514|