Canada's population and people are distinct and diverse. As a nation built by aboriginal people and generations of immigrants from all over the world, Canadians value their cultural roots as well as a Canadian identity.

Canada's population is about 33.5 million. Given Canada's size, it has one of the lowest population densities in the world (3.3 people per square kilometre). Most Canadians live in large southern urban centers, like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. However, Canada has different sizes of cities and towns, including First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities, many of which are in more northern regions.

Canada is both geographically and culturally diverse. While Canada has two official languages, French and English, not all Canadians are bilingual. Many speak only English. Some, mostly in Quebec, speak only French. Others, particularly recent immigrants, speak a different mother-tongue as well as English or French. In fact, many younger Canadians are growing up trilingual. No matter where they live, Canada's people are usually described as friendly, polite and modest, valuing a peaceful, respectful society that is fair and equitable to all.

Population: Breakdowns

Total population, 2008: 33.2 million (2008)

Percentage of total population, by age

0 - 14 17.7%
15 - 64 68.6%
65+ 13.7%


Percentage of total population, by visible minority status

South Asian 4.2% Filipino 1.3%
Chinese 3.9% Latin American 1.0%
Black 2.5% Southeast Asian 0.8%


Population distribution by province

Ontario 12.8 million New Brunswick 751,527
Quebec 7.7 million Newfoundland and Labrador 508,270
British Columbia 4.4 million Prince Edward Island 139,407
Alberta 3.5 million Northwest Territories 42,514
Manitoba 1.2 million Yukon 31,530
Saskatchewan 1.01 million Nunavut 31,152
Nova Scotia 935,962