NURSING AND ALLIED HEALTH PROGRAMS IN CANADA

Credential
· Bachelor of Nursing (BN)
· Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNSc)
· Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc)
· Bachelor of Allied Health Sciences (BAHSc)
· Bachelor of Science in Occupational Therapy (BScOT)
· Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology (BScKin)
· Bachelor of Kinesiology (BKin)
· Bachelor of Science (BSc)
· Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy (BScPharm/ BSP)
· Bachelor of Music Therapy (BMusTh)
· Diploma/ Certificate

Program Length
· 3- 5 years for bachelor's degree
· 2-3 years for diploma
· 12 - 52 weeks for certificate

Entry
· Bachelor's degree - direct entry; entry after 1 or 2 years of university study
· Diploma/ Certificate - direct entry

Areas of Study
· General health studies, nursing
· Specialization areas in nursing and health care include critical care, palliative care, detox, mental health, neonatal nursing, practical nursing, gerontology, community health, occupational health, pediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing, nutrition, physical therapy, Aboriginal health, women's health, speech-language pathology, physiotherapy, physical and occupational therapy, kinesiology, pharmacy, music therapy.

Special Features
· co-op
· internship
· clinical placement

Health is a broad field encompassing various undergraduate degree, diploma and certificate programs relating to health protection, diagnosis, treatment and therapy. The range of university degrees available to international students in Canada reflects--and opens--potential career options. International students can take a Bachelor of Nursing (BN), Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNSc), Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc), or a Bachelor of Allied Health Sciences (BAHSc). More specialized degrees are also offered such as Bachelor of Science in Occupational Therapy (BScOT), Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology (BScKin), Bachelor of Kinesiology (BKin), Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy (BScPharm/ BSP) and Bachelor of Music Therapy (BMusTh). Most of these highly competitive, limited-enrolment degrees are three- or four-year programs.

Within these degrees there are a variety of specialization options. University nursing students, for instance, can focus on critical care, palliative care, detox, mental health, neonatal, practical, community health, occupational health, psychiatric or pediatric nursing. Nursing for specific groups such as Aboriginal communities, women and the aging are also available. Allied heath options include occupational or physical therapy, physiotherapy, athletic therapy, kinesiology and pharmacy. Many health sciences programs allow students to also take business and/or administration courses in preparation for careers in health care management.

The personal, interactive nature of nursing and allied health professions requires particular abilities. Self-directed learning, small group learning, laboratory work, and problem-based learning methodologies help students develop essential health care skills. As well, most university degrees offer co-op, internship or clinical placements in public health, home care and other community health agencies so that students get hands-on experience.

Community colleges also offer allied health care programs under various Faculty names (i.e. Health and Human Services, Health Sciences, Health and Community Care or Health and Social Development). International students can take a 1- to 2-year diploma or certificate in nursing, practical nursing, personal support, therapeutic recreation, community mental health, mental health and addictions, health care management or health care technology. In addition, community colleges in Canada may offer university transfer or collaborative degree programs in partnership with specific universities. Community college programs are designed to prepare graduates to either continue their studies or enter the workforce.