Geography and climate are two of Canada's defining aspects. With almost 10 million square kilometers, Canada is the second largest country in the world. Its ten provinces and three northern territories cover various geographic regions, including
- temperate coastal areas by the Pacific Ocean (including Canada's only rain forests)
- the Rocky Mountains
- flat and rolling central prairie, including dry desert regions
- the rocky, forested Canadian Shield
- the Great Lakes (covering about the same area as the United Kingdom)
- islands and peninsulas on the eastern, Atlantic coast
- northern Arctic regions (with two-thirds of the world's polar bears)
The Atlantic ocean marks Canada's lowest point at 0 meters, while the Yukon Territory's Mount Logan is the highest point at 5,959 meters. Canada's northern areas are coldest and least populated, with average temperatures between +12 in the summer to -40 in winter. Canada's southwest has a temperate climate averaging from +22 to -5, while the Rocky Mountains, prairies and eastern provinces have more severe weather ranging between +30 to -30 Celsius. Ninety percent of Canada's population lives in southern areas, within 160 kilometers of the US border.
Use the map below to compare daily temperatures and weather conditions across Canada.